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During most of the 14th&nbsp;century, the voivodes held the castles at [[Bánffyhunyad]] (Huedin), [[Boroskrakkó]] (Cricău), [[Csicsóújfalu]] (Ciceu-Mihăieşti), [[Déva]] (Deva), [[Hátszeg]] (Hațeg), [[Kőhalom]] (Rupea), [[Küküllővár]] (Cetatea de Baltă), [[Săvădisla|Léta]] (Lita), [[Nagy-Talmács]] (Tălmaciu), [[Torja]] (Turia) and [[Bahnea|Újvár]] (Gogan Varolea), together with their lands.<ref>Engel 1996, pp. 11, 272, 295, 299, 325–326, 338, 354, 358, 408–409, 452.</ref> Additionally, the voivodes enjoyed the revenues of royal estates in Transylvania.<ref name="Engel_01_151"/> For instance, the estates at [[Bonchida]] (Bonțida) and [[Hunedoara|Vajdahunyad]] (Hunedoara) were attached to them for decades.<ref name="Engel_96_11">Engel 1996, p. 11.</ref> However, the monarchs started to grant their castles and estates to noblemen, to the [[bishop of Transylvania|bishops of Transylvania]] or to the Saxon community after 1387.<ref name="Engel_96_11"/> Consequently, Küküllővár and the lands pertaining to it remained the last piece of the "voivodal domain" in the 1450s.<ref name="Engel_96_11"/>
 
During most of the 14th&nbsp;century, the voivodes held the castles at [[Bánffyhunyad]] (Huedin), [[Boroskrakkó]] (Cricău), [[Csicsóújfalu]] (Ciceu-Mihăieşti), [[Déva]] (Deva), [[Hátszeg]] (Hațeg), [[Kőhalom]] (Rupea), [[Küküllővár]] (Cetatea de Baltă), [[Săvădisla|Léta]] (Lita), [[Nagy-Talmács]] (Tălmaciu), [[Torja]] (Turia) and [[Bahnea|Újvár]] (Gogan Varolea), together with their lands.<ref>Engel 1996, pp. 11, 272, 295, 299, 325–326, 338, 354, 358, 408–409, 452.</ref> Additionally, the voivodes enjoyed the revenues of royal estates in Transylvania.<ref name="Engel_01_151"/> For instance, the estates at [[Bonchida]] (Bonțida) and [[Hunedoara|Vajdahunyad]] (Hunedoara) were attached to them for decades.<ref name="Engel_96_11">Engel 1996, p. 11.</ref> However, the monarchs started to grant their castles and estates to noblemen, to the [[bishop of Transylvania|bishops of Transylvania]] or to the Saxon community after 1387.<ref name="Engel_96_11"/> Consequently, Küküllővár and the lands pertaining to it remained the last piece of the "voivodal domain" in the 1450s.<ref name="Engel_96_11"/>
   
The inhabitants of the Transylvanian counties were compelled to accommodate the voivodes and their officials.<ref name="Kristó_234">Kristó 2003, p. 234.</ref> The "guest settlers" at Boroskrakkó,<ref name="Tekintő_I_P">{{Citation|last = Vistai | first = András János |title = Tekintő: Erdélyi helynévkönyv, Második kötet, I – P (""Tekintő": Book on Transylvanian Toponymy, Volume II, I – P ") | url = http://www.fatornyosfalunk.com/helynevkonyv_-_2._kotet_I-P.pdf | access-date = 21 August 2012}}</ref> [[Magyarigen]] (Ighiu)<ref name="Tekintő_I_P"/> and [[Romosz]] (Romos)<ref name="Tekintő_Q_Zs"/> were the first to be released from this duty in 1206.<ref>Kristó 2003, p. 182.</ref> In [[Alvinc]] (Vinţu de Jos) and [[Borberek]] (Vurpăr),<ref name="Tekintő_A_H"/> the obligation itself was not abolished, but limited to two occasions a year.<ref>Kristó 2003, p. 183.</ref> Finally King Charles I exempted all Transylvanian noblemen and their serfs from this irksome duty in 1324.<ref name="Kristó_234"/>
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The inhabitants of the Transylvanian counties were compelled to accommodate the voivodes and their officials.<ref name="Kristó_234">Kristó 2003, p. 234.</ref> The "guest settlers"{{spaced ndash}}privileged colonists{{spaced ndash}}at Boroskrakkó,<ref name="Tekintő_I_P">{{Citation|last = Vistai | first = András János |title = Tekintő: Erdélyi helynévkönyv, Második kötet, I – P (""Tekintő": Book on Transylvanian Toponymy, Volume II, I – P ") | url = http://www.fatornyosfalunk.com/helynevkonyv_-_2._kotet_I-P.pdf | access-date = 21 August 2012}}</ref> [[Magyarigen]] (Ighiu)<ref name="Tekintő_I_P"/> and [[Romosz]] (Romos)<ref name="Tekintő_Q_Zs"/> were the first to be released from this duty in 1206.<ref>Kristó 2003, p. 182.</ref> In [[Alvinc]] (Vinţu de Jos) and [[Borberek]] (Vurpăr),<ref name="Tekintő_A_H"/> the obligation itself was not abolished, but limited to two occasions a year.<ref>Kristó 2003, p. 183.</ref> Finally King Charles I exempted all Transylvanian noblemen and their serfs from this irksome duty in 1324.<ref name="Kristó_234"/>
   
 
The voivodes who preferred to stay in the royal court seldom resided in their province,<ref name="Pop_227"/> but were represented by their deputies.<ref name="Engel_01_151"/> The earliest record of a [[vicar]] of a voivode dates from 1221.<ref name="Kristó_222">Kristó 2003, p. 222.</ref> Later the title "[[Vice-voivode of Transylvania|vice-voivode]]", first documented in 1278, came into general use.<ref name="Kristó_222"/><ref>Sălăgean 2005, p. 178.</ref> In addition to vice-voivodes and ''ispáns'' of the Transylvanian counties, the voivodes appointed the [[castellan]]s of the royal fortresses.<ref name="Pop_227"/><ref>Rady 2000, p. 116.</ref> They tended to choose from among the noblemen serving in their own retinue,<ref>Engel 2001, pp.&nbsp;151–152.</ref> which ensured that their followers received a fair share of their revenues.<ref name="Engel_01_152">Engel 2001, p. 152.</ref><ref>Rady 2000, p. 110.</ref> Accordingly, when a king dismissed a voivode, his men were also replaced with his successor's men.<ref name="Engel_01_152"/>
 
The voivodes who preferred to stay in the royal court seldom resided in their province,<ref name="Pop_227"/> but were represented by their deputies.<ref name="Engel_01_151"/> The earliest record of a [[vicar]] of a voivode dates from 1221.<ref name="Kristó_222">Kristó 2003, p. 222.</ref> Later the title "[[Vice-voivode of Transylvania|vice-voivode]]", first documented in 1278, came into general use.<ref name="Kristó_222"/><ref>Sălăgean 2005, p. 178.</ref> In addition to vice-voivodes and ''ispáns'' of the Transylvanian counties, the voivodes appointed the [[castellan]]s of the royal fortresses.<ref name="Pop_227"/><ref>Rady 2000, p. 116.</ref> They tended to choose from among the noblemen serving in their own retinue,<ref>Engel 2001, pp.&nbsp;151–152.</ref> which ensured that their followers received a fair share of their revenues.<ref name="Engel_01_152">Engel 2001, p. 152.</ref><ref>Rady 2000, p. 110.</ref> Accordingly, when a king dismissed a voivode, his men were also replaced with his successor's men.<ref name="Engel_01_152"/>
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/* Honour of the voivodes */ ce
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